# Young Children in Family Therapy: A Look at Frequency of Inclusion, Therapist Training, and Therapy Content

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## Description

Young Children in Family Therapy: A Look at Frequency of Inclusion, Therapist Training, and Therapy Content, Is A Well-Researched Topic, It Is To Be Used As A Guide Or Framework For Your Research.

## INTRODUCTION

In the mid-1950’s a change began to occur when the family, rather than the individual client, became a potential unit of treatment in psychotherapy. With this change the attention of the therapist focused on the dysfunctional system in which the “identified patient” is seen as but a symptom, and the -family, or system, is viewed as the client (Corsini & Wedding, 1989). Consequently, family therapists have a
difficult job in that they are expected to understand and incorporate in their treatment all members of the system.

Nathan Ackerman (1970) stated that, ” … psychotherapists as a group are
candid in confessing their preferred patient ages”. Many feel uncomfortable working with children and feel that they require too much energy while others relate easily to children and feel uncomfortable working with adults. In individual therapy this may
pose no problem yet, in family therapy the problem cannot be avoided (Ackerman, 1970). Thus, the difficulty exists in fully involving all members of the family simultaneously.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ……………………………. 111
LIST OF TABLES …………………………………. v1
Chapter
I. INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Reasons Cited for Excluding Young Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Reasons Cited for Including Young Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
When to Include Young Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Appropriate Topics for Young Children . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Developmental Distinctions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
The Use of Play . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
The Present Study …………… : ……………… 12
II. METHOD …………………………………. 16
Subjects …………………………………. 16
Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
III. RESULTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Demographics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
In Your Practice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
In Your Practice – Open-Ended Responses ………………. 27
Attitudes/Beliefs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Attitudes/Beliefs – Open-Ended Responses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Training …………………………………. 42
IV. DISCUSSION ……………………………….. 45
A Brief Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ; . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Findings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 7
Limitations of the Study ………………………… 55
Future Suggestions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Implications ……………………………….. 58

Appendix

A. YOUNG CHILDREN IN FAMILY THERAPY QUESTIONNAIRE …. 60
B. COVER LETTER TO FIRST MAILING ………………… 68
C. FOLLOW-UP POSTCARD – SECOND MAILING …………… 70
D. COVER LETTER TO THIRD MAILING ………………… 72
REFERENCE LIST ………………………………… 74
VITA ……………………………………….. 78