The Utility of Music-based Interventions in Dementia Care is a well-researched Social and Behavioral Sciences thesis/Dissertation topic, it is to be used as a guide or framework for your Academic Research.
While research has investigated the impact of music-based interventions on the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), there is limited discussion of which music-based interventions are most effective for various levels of dementia severity, or of how to determine which music-based interventions are both accessible and feasible for caregivers and nursing staff.
This review sought to identify the benefits of music-based interventions in dementia care within various domains of functioning and determine whether music-based interventions are effective for various levels of dementia severity. Peer-reviewed articles and studies that evaluated the effectiveness of various music interventions or demonstrated music’s impact on cognitive, behavioral, psychological, or social functioning for individuals with various levels of dementia were examined in this review.
Most studies reviewed demonstrated that music-based interventions might yield improvements in various aspects of cognitive, behavioral, psychological, and social functioning across all levels of dementia severities.
Due to the heterogeneity of methods and limitations of study designs, research is unable to demonstrate a systematic approach to selecting music interventions based on dementia severity. However, current patterns in the literature support recommendations for caregivers and nursing staff in individualizing music-based interventions for individuals with dementia.
CHAPTER I: OVERVIEW OF DEMENTIA
Perspectives of the aging process vary across societies, while the experience of aging largely varies across individuals (Prince et al., 2013). Despite the variation within the aging experience, there are many universal processes of aging, including the inevitable possibility of developing dementia in late life (Prince et al., 2016).
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fifth Edition (DSM-5; American Psychological Association, 2013) refers to dementia as a syndrome that is included within the broader major neurocognitive disorder category, which typically concerns older adults.
In the DSM-5, general diagnostic criteria encompass concerns regarding a significant decline in cognitive functioning, impaired cognitive performance based on quantifiable assessment, and interference with the independent performance of basic and complex instrumental activities of daily living. In addition, dementia typically involves decline and deficits in language, memory, orientation, and reasoning, as well as abstract thinking and problem solving (Erber, 2005).
However, individuals with dementia typically maintain normal levels of consciousness until later in the disease progression (Erber, 2005).
Potential etiologies for dementia include neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, vascular disease, frontotemporal lobar degeneration, Parkinson’s disease, and Lawyer’s body disease (APA, 2013).
The worldwide prevalence of dementia in 2010 for individuals 60+years of age was 4.7%, and in North America, the prevalence in 2010 was 6.9% (Prince et al., 2013). It was estimated that 35.6 million people lived with dementia worldwide in 2010, with the expectation to double every 20 years, to 65.7 million in 2030 and 115.4 million in 2050 (Prince et al., 2013, 2016).