The role of extension in agricultural adaptation to climate change


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The role of extension in agricultural adaptation to climate change is a well-researched topic, it can be used as a guide or framework for your Academic Research


The clear evidence that climate change is already a reality calls for actions not just to slow down the process or enhance the sinks of greenhouse gases (mitigation) but also to assist those affected or
threatened already to adjust in natural and human systems to a new or changing environment (adaptation). The paper examined the role of extension in agricultural adaptation to climate change in Enugu State. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used in selecting 120 respondents. Descriptive statistics were used in analyzing data from the study. Results show that the most significant effect of climate change in the area was intense weed growth (= 4.52) while the most
popular adaptive measure adopted by respondents was the use of resistant crop and animal varieties/species (95.43%). The study proposed that the key roles of extension in agricultural adaptation
to climate change were in the re-training of extension staff to acquire new capacity in climate risk management (= 3.93), setting up of emergency management units in extension agencies (= 3.91),
dissemination of innovations on best practices and building resilience capacities of vulnerable people in climate risk management (= 3.90), and providing feedbacks to governments and interested agencies
on climate change issues (= 3.9). The paper recommends a change in the extension service agenda to accommodate the challenges currently posed by climate change by adopting new roles identified in the
study and the need for increased research and innovation for sustainable adaptation to climate change.


Climate change refers to any change in climate overtime,
whether due to natural variability or as a result of human
activity (inter-governmental panel on climate change,
IPCC, 2001). It can also be seen as change in climate
which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activities
that alter the composition of the global atmosphere and
which are in addition to natural variability observed over
comparable time periods (IPCC, 2007). Climate change
has become a global issue in recent times manifesting in
variations of different climate parameters including cloud
cover, precipitation, temperature ranges, sea levels and vapour pressure (Ministry of Environment of the Federal
Republic of Nigeria, MOE FRN, 2003). The variations in
climate parameters affect different sectors of the
economy such as agriculture, health, water resources,
energy etc. The main cause of climate change has been
attributed to anthropogenic (human) activities. For
example, the increased industrialization in the developed
nations has led to the introduction of large quantities of
greenhouse gases (GHGs), including carbon (IV) oxide
(CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) into the
atmosphere. These GHGs are the primary causes of
global warming (IPCC, 2007). The global increases in
CO2 concentration are due primarily to fossil fuel use and
land use change, while those of CH4 and N2O are
primarily due to agriculture (IPCC, 2007). Agriculture is
therefore the main culprit of climate change producing


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Agricultural Extension

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