The Effects of Music Listening and Progressive Muscle Relaxation on the Anxiety Level of Adjudicated Adolescent Males in a Residential Treatment Setting

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The Effects of Music Listening and Progressive Muscle Relaxation on the Anxiety Level of Adjudicated Adolescent Males in a Residential Treatment Setting, Is A Well-Researched Topic, It Is To Be Used As A Guide Or Framework For Your Research.

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of music listening and progressive muscle relaxation on the anxiety level of adjudicated adolescent males. Sixty-five delinquent, adolescent males in a residential treatment facility took part in either a music listening treatment, a progressive muscle relaxation treatment (Bernstein
& Borkovec, 1973), or a combination of both methods, and the effects of each approach on the self-perceived anxiety level of the subjects were determined.

The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger, 1983) and a Subjective Units of Discomfort Scale were used to measure levels of anxiety. Data gathered from these instruments revealed that adolescents who received the music listening treatment or the progressive muscle relaxation treatment alone had significant reductions in state anxiety.

However, when both methods were combined, significant reductions in state anxiety failed to occur consistently indicating that this combined treatment method for anxiety reduction may be less effective.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ACKNOW LEDGEM ENTS………………………………………………………………………. ii
LIST OF TABLES……………………………………………………………………………………….. v
LIST OF FIGURES……………………………………………………………………………………… vi
CHAPTER
I. INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………………… 1
Statement of the Problem…………………………………………………………….. 2
II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE……………………………………………….. 3
Progressive Muscle Relaxation……………………………………………… 3
M usic L istening……………………………………………………………………… 4
Music Listening and Progressive Muscle Relaxation………………………. 7
Statement of Hypotheses………………………………………………………. 8
III. M ETH O D …………………………………………………………………………………………. 11
S u b jects………………………………………………. 11
Consent and A pproval………………………………………………………….. 12
Experim ental D esign…………………………………………………………….. 12
M aterials………………………………………………………………………………….. 13
Instrum ents…………………………………… 14
Procedure………………….. 16
Phase I: Music Selection Process…………………………………………. 16
Phase II: Experimental Conditions……………………………….. 18
IV. ANALYSIS AND RESULTS……………………………………………………………….. 19
Analysis……………………………………………………………………………………… 19
R esults……………………………………………………………………………………… 19
Phase I: Music Selection Process…………………………………………. 19
Phase II: Experimental Conditions……………………………….. 22

V SUMMARY……………………………………………………………………………………….. 33
Discussion………………………………………………………………………………….. 35
Limitations of the Study………………………………………………………. 38
Recommendations for Further Study…………………………………………….. 38
APPENDICES…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 41
A. Approval Forms………………………………………………………………………………… 42
B. Informed Consent Procedures…………………………………………………………….. 50
C. Taped Dialogue Used in Treatment Conditions……………………………………… 58
D. SUD S cale……………………………………………………………………………………. 63
E. Phase I: Music Selection Process……………………………………………………….. 65
F. Dialogue to Explain the PMR Procedure in the First
T reatment Session……………………………………………………………………………….. 70
BIBLIOGRAPHY………………………………………………………………………………………… 73

Additional information

Author

Ned David Gladfelter

No of Chapters

5

No of Pages

88

Reference

YES

Format

PDF

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