Testing a New Photovoice Model: A Meta-Analysis on Participatory Action Research Methodologies in Geographical Research

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Testing a New Photovoice Model: A Meta-Analysis on Participatory Action Research Methodologies in Geographical Research, Is A Well-Researched Topic, It Is To Be Used As A Guide Or Framework For Your Research.

ABSTRACT

Photovoice was developed in the early 1990s for use in public health studies evolving from participatory action research (PAR) and photographic methods. It attempts to mitigate the power dynamics between researcher and researched by allowing participants to be the primary knowledge producers. The Photovoice methodology has left open methodological avenues to implement Photovoice as a research tool in many fields. This research aimed to modify the Photovoice methodology to include mobile technology, social media to create a new model of Photovoice.

This research was conducted in K.I. Sawyer, MI, a small town in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan over a one-month period. The goal was to have citizens take pictures of K.I. Sawyer and to discuss and think critically about these pictures. Recruitment was completed using the USPS Every Door Direct Mail (EDDM) service which was unsuccessful. This low recruitment (n=1) complicated the research process.
This led to a change in multiple aspects of the new model, including the deletion of the focus groups, and the overall failure of the implementation of the new model. These changes facilitated a meta-analysis to assess the success of the new model, photovoice as a methodology and how it connects to geographical research.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ……………………………………………………………………………………ii
LIST OF TABLES ……………………………………………………………………………………………. viii
LIST OF FIGURES …………………………………………………………………………………………….ix
CHAPTER
I. INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 1
Participatory Action Research …………………………………………………………………… 1
Use of Photography ……………………………………………………………………….. 2
Visual Methods in Participatory Action Research ……………………………….. 3
Photographic and Visual Methodologies in Geographic Research ………… 4
The Photovoice Methodology ……………………………………………………………………. 5
Statement of Problem ………………………………………………………………………………. 6
Research Questions ………………………………………………………………………………… 6
II. LITERATURE REVIEW ………………………………………………………………………………….. 7
Critical-Consciousness: A Framework ………………………………………………. 8
Methodology …………………………………………………………………………………. 8
Recruitment ………………………………………………………………………………… 10

Training ………………………………………………………………………………………. 11
Participatory Analysis……………………………………………………………………. 12
Selection …………………………………………………………………………… 13
Contextualization ………………………………………………………………… 14
Codification ……………………………………………………………………….. 16
Artistic Exhibition …………………………………………………………………………. 17
Limitations of Photovoice ………………………………………………………………………… 18
Poor Implementation …………………………………………………………………….. 19
Reinforcing Rifts? Ethical Dilemmas ……………………………………………….. 19
Power Dynamics ………………………………………………………………………….. 20
Critical Landscape Geography ………………………………………………………………… 21
The New Cultural Geography ………………………………………………………………….. 23
Cultures of Landscape ……………………………………………………………………………. 26
Feminist Geography ………………………………………………………………………………. 28
III. BACKGROUND OF STUDY AREA ………………………………………………………………. 30

Geographical Characteristics…………………………………………………………………… 32
Early History …………………………………………………………………………………………. 34
Operational History ………………………………………………………………………………… 34
The Transition Plan ……………………………………………………………………………….. 38
1993 …………………………………………………………………………………………… 39
1994 …………………………………………………………………………………………… 39
1995 …………………………………………………………………………………………… 39
1996 …………………………………………………………………………………………… 40
1997 …………………………………………………………………………………………… 40
1998 …………………………………………………………………………………………… 40
1999 …………………………………………………………………………………………… 41
2000 …………………………………………………………………………………………… 41
2001 …………………………………………………………………………………………… 41
The Transition Process Explained ……………………………………………………………. 42
Post-Transition Process …………………………………………………………………………. 42

IV. METHODOLOGY AND RESULTS ………………………………………………………………… 46
Recruitment ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 49
Training ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 52
Participatory Analysis …………………………………………………………………………….. 55
Potential Risks ………………………………………………………………………………………. 63
V. DISCUSSION …………………………………………………………………………………………….. 64
Recruitment ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 65
Who Benefits? ………………………………………………………………………………………. 71
Power Dynamics and why it Matters? ……………………………………………………….. 73
Paradox of Process ……………………………………………………………………… 75
Does PAR Fit into Academia? ……………………………………………………….. 77
Conclusions ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 79
Self-Evaluation: What worked? ………………………………………………………………… 79
Every Door Direct Mail (EDDM) Service ………………………………………….. 80
Mobile Phone Technology …………………………………………………………….. 80

Self-Evaluation: What didn’t work? …………………………………………………………… 82
Social Media Usage: Instagram ……………………………………………………… 82
Implications for Geographic Research ………………………………………………………. 86
Future Research ……………………………………………………………………………………. 88
REFERENCES ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 90
APPENDICES
A. Recruitment Flyer ………………………………………………………………………………………. 104
B. Workshop/Training Material ………………………………………………………………………… 106
C. Follow-up/Exit Survey Form ………………………………………………………………………… 111
D. HSIRB Approval Letter and Approved Consent ……………………………………………… 115

Additional information

Author

Nolan Bergstrom

No of Chapters

5

No of Pages

133

Reference

YES

Format

PDF

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