Social and Individual-Level Identities and College Male Alcohol Use Behaviors: Examining the Utility of Protective Behavioral Strategies

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Social and Individual-Level Identities and College Male Alcohol
Use Behaviors: Examining the Utility of Protective Behavioral
Strategies, Is A Well-Researched Topic, It Is To Be Used As A Guide Or Framework For Your Research.

ABSTRACT

Recent literature has consistently identified conformity to traditional masculine norms as motivating hazardous drinking behaviors of college men. Given the high prevalence of hazardous drinking among college men and the particular negative consequences that emerge secondary to it, additional research is needed in this area to better identify possible intervention targets. The present study sought to better elucidate the proximity of male norm conformity to drinking behaviors through including a specific identity factor related to alcohol use: drinking identity. Secondary to this goal, this study also sought to examine how these factors of identity predicted the safe drinking behaviors of college men or lack thereof to possibly identify behavioral intervention targets in the association between norm conformity and hazardous drinking. The study found that conformity to the norms of playboy, power over women, self-reliance, and risk-taking predicted male students more strongly identifying as drinkers which, in turn, predicted a lack of protective behavior and negative alcohol outcomes (i.e., hazardous drinking and negative consequences). The study also found that conformity to the emotional-control norm might also play a protective role through limiting identification as a drinker and promoting protective drinking behaviors. Clinical and research implications are discussed.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ii
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ……………………………………………………………………………………. iii
DEDICATION ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. iv
LIST OF TABLES …………………………………………………………………………………………….. viii
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS ………………………………………………………………………………… ix
CHAPTER I – INTRODUCTION ………………………………………………………………………….. 1
College Male Alcohol Use …………………………………………………………………………………. 1
Male Gender Socialization …………………………………………………………………………………. 4
Masculinity and Alcohol Use……………………………………………………………………………… 6
Question 1 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9
Hypothesis 1a: …………………………………………………………………………………………… 9
Hypothesis 1b: ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 9
Question 2 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9
Hypothesis 2a: …………………………………………………………………………………………. 10
Hypothesis 2b: ………………………………………………………………………………………… 10
Hypothesis 2c: …………………………………………………………………………………………. 10
Hypothesis 2d: ………………………………………………………………………………………… 11
CHAPTER II – METHODOLOGY………………………………………………………………………. 12
Measures ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 14

Demographic Questionnaire …………………………………………………………………………. 14
Conformity to Masculine Norms …………………………………………………………………… 14
Hazardous Alcohol Use ……………………………………………………………………………….. 15
Alcohol-Related Negative Consequences ……………………………………………………….. 16
Drinking identity …………………………………………………………………………………………. 16
Alcohol Protective Behavioral Strategy Use …………………………………………………… 17
CHAPTER III – RESULTS ………………………………………………………………………………….. 18
Confirmatory Factor Analysis. ………………………………………………………………………. 21
Hypothesis/Model 1 ………………………………………………………………………………………… 23
Global fit statistics ………………………………………………………………………………………. 23
Model 1 Mediation. ……………………………………………………………………………………… 23
……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 25
Hypothesis/Model 2 ………………………………………………………………………………………… 25
Global fit statistics. ……………………………………………………………………………………… 25
Hazardous Drinking ……………………………………………………………………………… 26
Alcohol-Related Negative Consequences ………………………………………………… 30
CHAPTER IV – DISCUSSION……………………………………………………………………………. 35
Hypotheses 1/Model 1 …………………………………………………………………………………. 35
Hypotheses 2/Model 2 …………………………………………………………………………………. 37
Clinical Implications ……………………………………………………………………………………. 43

Future Directions & Limitations ……………………………………………………………………. 44
APPENDIX A – INFORMED CONSENT …………………………………………………………….. 46
APPENDIX B – SCREENING QUESTIONS ………………………………………………………… 48
APPENDIX C – DEMOGRAPHICS FORM …………………………………………………………. 49
APPENDIX D –IRB Approval Letter ……………………………………………………………………. 52
REFERENCES ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 53

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YourPastQuestions Brand

Additional information

Author

Robert Bearden Whitley

No of Chapters

5

No of Pages

77

Reference

Yes

Format

PDF

1 review for Social and Individual-Level Identities and College Male Alcohol Use Behaviors: Examining the Utility of Protective Behavioral Strategies

  1. sizipiwe sahula (verified owner)

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