Sleep Hygiene Practices: A Cross Cultural Survey of Sleeping and Dreaming in College Students

0

Add to Wishlist
Add to Wishlist

Description

Sleep Hygiene Practices: A Cross Cultural Survey of Sleeping and
Dreaming in College Students, Is A Well-Researched Topic, It Is To Be Used As A Guide Or Framework For Your Research.

ABSTRACT

There is consensus that a sizeable percentage of people in most developed countries do not obtain adequate amounts or quality of sleep. These disruptions in sleep, when chronic and severe, can lead to psychological, behavioral and health consequences.

The focus on behavioral and contextual factors that impact sleep has been termed “sleep hygiene”. An on-line anonymous survey collected sociodemographic information, as well as self-reports on sleep, sleep hygiene practices and dreaming across two cultural groups (English & Spanish speaking responders). A total of 204 participants (majority of them college and graduate students) answered the survey. Both cultural groups, English and Spanish speaking, reported similar results in terms of sleep quantity and quality as well as sleep hygiene practices. In general, respondents do not actively and consistently practice
any of the sleep hygiene recommendations. These results area similar to previous research on sleep quality and sleep hygiene practices (Liu et al., 2013; Gellis & Lichstein, 2009) but the results also revealed surprisingly high levels of night awakenings, use of medications and disruption of sleep by environmental factors. Results on the frequency of dreams were similar to previous research (Schredl et al, 2014) but nightmares were more frequent within this population. Percentage of people who reported that dreams or nightmares affected their behavior and/or emotional status the following day were also similar to previous findings (Selterman et al, 2013).

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments…………………………………………………………………. ii
List of Tables………………………………………………………………………. vii
List of Figures………………………………….………………………………….. viii
Introduction……………………………………………………………………….. 1
Overview…………………………………………………………………. 1
Sleep ……………………………………….……….……………… 2
What is Sleep?…….……………………………………… 2
Why is Sleep Important? …..…..………………………… 2
What is a Sleep Disorder? ………………..………………. 4
Insomnia…………………….……..……………… 4
Prevalence of Insomnia………………………… 6
Treatments of Insomnia…………………… 7
Sleep and Chronic Illnesses………….……………..……………… 8
Sleep and Type 2 Diabetes……….…………….….……… 10
Sleep and Cardiovascular Disease……….……..………… 11
Sleep and Obesity……….……………..…..……………… 11
Sleep, Depression and Anxiety…………………………… 12
How Much Sleep Do I Need? ……………………..……….……… 13

Dreams……………………………………………..………………………. 13
What Is Dreaming? …………………………………………………… 13
Studying Dreaming…………………………………………………… 14
Behavioral Analysis of Dreaming…………………………..……… 15
Challenges in Conducting Sleep and Dream Research……………………. 17
Why is it Important to Study Dreams?……………………………………… 19
Sleep Hygiene……………………………………………..………………. 21
Research on Sleep Hygiene……………………………………….. 21
Recommendations for Sleep Hygiene Habits…..…………………. 23
Survey of Sleep Hygiene and Dreaming…………………………….……. 27
Replicating and Expanding Previous Research…………………… 27
Method….………………………………………………………….……………… 30
30
31
Subject Recruitment………………………………………………….………
Informed Consent Process…………………………………..…….…………
Methods of Data Collection…………………………………..……….……. 31
Results……………………………………………………………………………… 32
Sociodemographic Characteristics…………………………………………. 32
Chronic Illness………………………………….……………………….…. 39
Sleeping Characteristics……………………………………………………. 40
Sleep Hygiene Definition……………….…………………….……. 40
Bedtime and Awakening Time…………………………………….. 42
Factors Affecting Sleep…………………….………………………. 43

Nocturnal Awakening …………………….……………………….. 44
Physical Status Upon Awakening…………….……………………. 45
Sleep Medications …………………………………………………. 46
Dreams and Nightmares…………………………….………………. 47
Nightmares…………………………………………………. 47
Dreams and/or Nightmares Affecting the Next Day…………….…. 48
Dream Content……………………………………………..………. 49
Emotional Content Of Dreams ………………….…………………. 50
Sleep Hygiene………………………………………………………………. 51
Statistical Analysis…………………………………………….…………… 52
Sleep Hygiene……………………………………………………… 52
Sleep Medication and Other Products……………………………… 53
Chronic Illness……………………………………………………… 53
Wake Up at Night………………………………………………….. 54
Next Day Fatigue…………………………………………………… 54
Discussion………………………………………………………………………….. 55
Conclusion………………………………………………………………………….. 65
Appendices
A. HSIRB Approval………………………………………………..………… 67
B. Script…………………………………………………………..………….. 68
C. English & Spanish Language Versions Of The Survey………..…………. 69

D. Tables and Figures………………………………………………………… 85
Bibliography………………………………………………………………….. 96

Additional information

Author

Martinez Salazar

No of Pages

115

Reference

YES

Format

PDF

Reviews

There are no reviews yet.

Only logged in customers who have purchased this product may leave a review.