Reinforcement Effects on the I.Q. Scores of Institutionalized Children and Adults with Developmental Disabilities

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Reinforcement Effects on the I.Q. Scores of Institutionalized Children and Adults with Developmental Disabilities, Is A Well-Researched Topic, It Is To Be Used As A Guide Or Framework For Your Research.

ABSTRACT

Eighteen institutionalized school-age and adult
subjects with severe/profound developmental disabilities
were evaluated for the effects of self-selected reinforcement
for correct responding on their I.Q. scores when
tested with the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale (Terman
& Merrill, 1960) or the Leiter International Performance
Scale (Arthur, 1952). Subjects were tested under both
standard and reinforcement conditions. The results indicated
that overall, subjects when tested under reinforcement
conditions showed a significant increase in mean I.Q.
scores when compared with the same subjects tested one
month previously under standard conditions. Several features
of the data reveal intriguing results with regard to
subjects and related preexisting or predetermined variables,
including age, psychotropic medication, and test
type. Results and implications of the data for I.Q. testing
of institutionalized severely and profoundly retarded
individuals were discussed.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS …………………………… ii
LIST OF T A B L E S ………………………………..iv
LIST OF FIGURES…………………………….. V
INTRODUCTION ………………………………. 1
METHODS………………………………………. 12
Subjects…………………………………… 12
Materials: Instruments ……………………. 13
P r o c e d u r e ………………………………….16
Standard Condition ……………………. 17
Reinforcement Condition ………………… 18
RESULTS……………………… 21
D I S C U S S I O N …………………………………… 30
Age G r o u p ………………………………….32
Psychotropic Medication ………………….. 33
Test T y p e ………………………………….34
APPENDIX
A. Research Protocol Approval …………….. 38
BIBLIOGRAPHY ………………………………. 41

Additional information

Author

Jody Robin Lewis

No of Chapters

4

No of Pages

55

Reference

YES

Format

PDF

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