Pulses Production and Productivity: Status, Potential and Way Forward for Enhancing Farmers Income

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Pulses Production and Productivity: Status, Potential and Way Forward for Enhancing Farmers Income is a well-researched topic, it is to be used as a guide or framework for your Academic Research.

Abstract

Pulses are important for the nutritional security point of view of the cereal based vegetarian diet of large scale of country. India is the largest producer, consumer and importer of pulses in the world. It has been projected that 32.0 M. tones of total pulse requirement for the burgeoning population of India, which will grow to 1.69 billion by
2050. To attain upto this level an annual growth rate of 2.2% is required. The demand for pulses continues to grow at 2.8% per annum. Although challenges are diverse including climate changing scenario, decreasing land and water resources, this target is not unattainable. Increasing the average productivity of pulses to > 1200 kg ha-1 and bringing
an additional area of about 3.5 M. ha. under pulses cultivation will be a concrete step in this direction. Enhancement of yield through development of input responsive varieties with multiple resistances to diseases and insect-pests, short duration varieties that fit well
in different cropping systems and climate resilient varieties of pulses will be enormously helpful in a vertical expansion of pulses in the country. Similarly, development of new plant types for different agro-climatic situations, and development of photo-thermo insensitive cultivars in crops like urdbean and moongbean will help expanding the areas of
these crops in the non-traditional areas of the country.

Introduction

Pulses are rich source of protein (20 to 25%)
ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen (30-150 kg
ha-1) and consistent source of income and
employment to small and marginal farmers;
and thus hold a premier position in the world
agriculture [1]. The United Nations declared
2016 as “International Year of pulses” with
the objectives of increasing production and
consumption of pulses by 10% by 2020 and
creating awareness of benefits of pulses by
utilizing social media. In India, pulses
constitute a group of 12 crops that include mainly chickpea pigeonpea (Cajanus cajanL.), chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), mungbean
(Vigna radiata L. Wilczek), urdbean (Vigna
mungo L. Hepper), lentil (Lens culinaris L.)
and fieldpea (Pisum sativum L.). India is the
largest producer of pulses contributing 25.7%
to the world production [3].
Since more than 80% of the area under pulses
is under stressed rainfed environment, the
quality seed of improved varieties has
emerged as the most vital input for enhancing
pulses production in India. U.P. plays an
important role in pulses production by
contributing about 9.0% to the total pulses
production of the country. Among pulses,
chickpea contribute maximum (28%)
followed by lentil (22%), urdbean (16%)
pigeonpea (14%) and moongbean (2) in the
total production of pulses in U.P. The 7
districts of Bundlekhand viz., Banda,
Chitrakoot, Jalaun, Mahoba, Hamirpur,
Lalitpur, and Jhansi are famous for pulses
cultivation and these areas are consider as
pulse bowl in the country. Chickpea crop
contributes maximum to the total pulses
production in the state. Even though, the area
and production of pulses in the state decline
continuously since 1990s due to promotion of
paddy-wheat cropping system and irrigation.
The advancement in pulses production
technologies has further opened a new hope to
increase the production and productivity of
the pulses in different irrigated and rainfed
agro eco-systems of states.

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Additional information

Type

Project Topic and Material

Category

Agronomy

No of Chapters

5

Reference

Yes

Format

PDF

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