Peri-Urban and Urban Farmers’ Perceptions of Mini-Livestock Farming


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Peri-Urban and Urban Farmers’ Perceptions of Mini-Livestock Farming is a well-researched topic, it is to be used as a guide or framework for your Academic Research


The study focused on the perception of peri-urban and
urban farmers about mini-livestock farming in South-
Western Nigeria. Specifically, the peri-urban farmers’ socio-
economic characteristics, level of involvement in rearing
mini-livestock, constraint associated with mini-livestock
farming and farmers’ perception of mini-livestock
farming was examined. One hundred and eighty-two
respondents were interviewed through the use of structured
interview schedule and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs).
Data analysis was carried out using frequency counts,
percentage, mean, standard deviation, and correlation. The
results of the study showed that more males were involved
in mini-livestock rearing than females, while the mean age
of the farmers was 46 years. The majority were literate and
information sourced from fellow farmers was the most
common and reliable source of information accessible by
the respondents, but there was low extension contact.
Problems confronting the respondents include inadequate
credit facilities, the untimely supply of inputs, improper
management skills and low extension contacts. Peri-urban
and urban farmers had a moderate perception about mini-
livestock farming but with a low level of involvement in the
production. In conclusion, there is a need to arouse the interest
of farmers through training and re-training in the
management practices of this mini-livestock. A little
motivation from change agents research institutes and
government policymakers could boost production of mini-


Many small animals, such as rodents and giants
snails are threatened by extinction in Nigeria and African
countries as a whole. Rearing these types of animals in
captivities does not only help to protect and preserve them
from going into extinction, but also serve as a source of
protein and income for peri-urban farmers. The rearing of
such small body size animal that requires moderate nutrition
and management is referred to as Mini-livestock (micro-
livestock) production (Akinnusi1998). Mini-livestock
keeping according to the Technical Centre for Agriculture and
Rural Cooperation (CTA) (2008) can also be described as
the farming of small wild indigenous species such as
grasscutter Thryonomys swinderianus, Giant African snails
(Achatina spp and Archachatina spp) and other rodents.
Mini-livestock keeping covers various species of vertebrates
and invertebrates (CTA, 2008).
The smallness of the size of mini-livestock animals
is undoubtedly one of their most significant assets, since it
makes it possible to raise and manage them in small areas
and in clusters (Thys, 2001). Rearing these types of
livestock will help to improve their conservation in the bush.
It is a known fact that most mini-livestock are being reared
in peri-urban areas of South-western parts of Nigeria as
coping strategies in a situation where reliance on one
economic activity is not sufficient to meet the needs of the
people. Studies (CTA, 2008; Akinola and Letorna, 2008)
have also shown that in some parts of Central and West
Africa, consumers prefer meats of mini-livestock animals,
popularly referred to as ‘bushmeat’, and consider them a
great delicacy, compared with beef. Small-scale farming of
certain breeds of rodent is now widely seen as an invaluable
asset in the fight against malnutrition and poverty.
Perception involves the process an individual
undergoes to understand his environment both social and
physical world through his senses. Perception is the first step
in memory because information perceived forms an
impression on the mind. Shepherd (1998) claimed that
the perception or feeling of people about the benefit that will
accrue from activities would influence their involvement in
it. Perception has influence in involvement in mini-livestock

The Agricultural Development Programmes
(ADPs) of South-Western Nigeria, which has the mandate of
disseminating new technologies received from research
institutes, claimed to have introduced and trained peri-urban
and urban farmers in mini-livestock keeping and their
management practices. The above scenario notwithstanding,
there has been low level of involvement in mini-livestock
farming among peri-urban and urban farmers (Imran,
Kehinde, Samuel, Adesope, and Akinyemi, 2007). Based
on the foregoing, this study sought to assess perception of
peri-urban farmers towards mini-livestock production in
South-Western Nigeria.
The main objective of the study was to assess peri-urban and
urban farmers’ perception of mini-livestock farming. The
specific objectives were to
(i) describe personal socio-economic
characteristics of peri-urban farmers that
involve in mini-livestock production;
(ii) determine peri-urban farmers’ level of
involvement in these min-livestock;
(iii) examine constraints associated with mini-
livestock farming; and
(iv) assess the level of peri-urban farmers
perception about mini-livestock farming.


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Agricultural Economics

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