Impact of Various Cultivation Systems on the Growth and Yield of Strawberry CV. Chandler is a well-researched topic, it is to be used as a guide or framework for your Academic Research.
To study the impact of various cultivation systems on the performance of strawberry the proposed research study was conducted in the experimental plot of the nursery of the Department of Horticulture, Khalsa College, Amritsar during 2018-2019. The experiment was carried out following Randomised Block Design (RBD) replicated thrice. The runners of the strawberry cv. Chandler was collected from the Department of Pomology, Dr. YS Parmar University of Horticulture, Nauni, Solan Himachal Pradesh as bases of plant material. Different cultivation systems were adapted i.e. Flat beds( T1), raised beds( T2), ridges (T3), soil less media(T4), polythene bags(T5), Cement pots (T6), plastic crates (T7) and low tunnels (T8) to find out the best cultivation system for better vegetative growth, yield and fruit quality of strawberry. The results of the study revealed that the vegetative growth in terms of plant height, number of shoots, leaves, flowers and fruits were found significantly higher in the plants grown in plastic crates while fruit yield
was increased under low poly tunnels.
The cultivated garden strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) an allo-octoploid (2n = 8x = 56), has a unique natural and domestication history (Edger et al 2019). It is one of the most popular fruit in the world (Rehman et al 2014). It is a perennial, low creeping, stoloniferous herb
belonging to the family Rosaceae and sub family Rosoideae (Sadiq and Kaur 2017). The modern cultivated strawberry is a hybrid of two largely dioecious octaploid species (Fragaria chiloensis x Fragaria virginiana Duch). Strawberry plants has crowns from which all leaves, roots, flowers
and runners grow (Bowling 2000). The name strawberry may derived from the practice of using straw mulch for cultivation and it may have come from the Anglo-Saxon word strew meaning to spread (Kaur and Kaur 2014). It is one of the delicious fruit of the world which has attained a premium position in the world fruit market as well as in the processing industries (Sharma and Sharma 2003). It is a rich source of vitamins A, B, C and niacin, minerals like phosphorous, potassium, calcium and iron (Karkara and Dwivedi 2002). Strawberry is used in making various products such as preserves, purees, jams, juice, fruit crushes, red rose wine, ice-creams, milk shakes, toffees and jelly (Jadhav and Gurav 2018). They are rich in total antioxidants and thus important for human health (Halyorsen et al 2002). For many years, strawberry is being grown
commercially under open conditions which can cause poor quality and production. Therefore, developing new methods to increase its yield and quality are important (Claire et al 2018).
Different methods are being used for cultivation of strawberry like glasshouse, polyethylene bags, low tunnels, soil less media, raised beds, cement pots, flat beds, plastic creates, ridges all over the world. High and low tunnels are very common in the Mediterranean regions and Asia
(Faspi et al 2006) as they prolong the harvesting period and improve the fruit quality. Significant effects of tunnels on vegetative growth, flowering traits, yield and fruit quality of strawberry were reported by Quershi et al (2012). Due to problems with soil diseases and ban of fumigant compounds for disinfection, the cultivation of strawberries in soilless substrate has been a solution adopted by many countries. Cultivation systems can have a big influence on chemical composition of strawberry fruits (Voca et al 2006, Cantliffe et al 2001). Strawberry cultivation on raised beds aids in an increase in fruit yield and improvement in quality traits (Kamangar et al 2014). Keeping in view, the above facts the present study was investigated to study the influence
of various cultivation systems on the vegetative and reproductive growth, quality and yield of strawberry cv. Chandler.