Gender Dimension to Farmers’ Perception of the National Fadama Development Project Phase III in Kogi State is a well-researched topic, it can be used as a guide or framework for your Academic Research
The study evaluated the perception of farmers of the Third National Fadama Project in Kogi state with particular interest on the gender dimension. A multistage random sampling technique was used in selecting the respondents while structured interview schedule was used for data collection. Samples of 20 farmers were selected in 5 local government areas to give a total of 100 respondents. Data were analyzed with frequency, percentages, mean, standard deviation and t-test. The result indicates that the mean membership composition of the groups by gender was about 5 for both male and female. The major source of information for the male was radio (90.1) while for the female was Buyers (75.9). The test of difference (t-test) shows that the male and female differ significantly on 2 activities and did not differ significantly on 10 activities. The result also shows that the male and female beneficiaries do not differ significantly in their attitudes to project (P< 0.05) with only one item having significant difference. There
were only 2 being untimely disbursement and Lack of ready market to sell the increased output as a result of securing productive asset out the 20 possible constraints where the male and female participant differ (P< 0.05).
These 2 constraints are Untimely disbursement of inputs (t=4.53 p<0.05)
and Lack of ready market to sell the increased output as a result of securing productive asset (t= 5.59, p<0.05). The study therefore concluded that there is no significant disparity in the perception of the Third National Fadama Project in Kogi State based on gender and as such recommends that intervention programmes should be gender sensitive.
The National Fadama Development Program (NFDP) came on board as a
result of the success recorded by the small scale irrigation projects carried out by the Agricultural Development Programs (ADPs) in fadama areas. ‘‘Fadama’’ is a Hausa name for irrigable land usually low-lying plains underlay by shallow aquifers found along Nigeria’s major river systems. Such lands are especially suitable for irrigated production and fishing, and traditionally provide feed and water for livestock. The
enormous potential of this land is only partially developed (World Bank, 2008).
According to Akinola (2003), the Fadama I which was the first phase of the Fadama Development Project was implemented between 1992 and 1998 and it concentrated on the production of arable crops only. The project adopted the Small Scale Irrigated Farming System (SSIFS), as the preferred option because of its cost saving features when compared with large scale irrigation projects in Nigeria. The National Fadama
Development Project performed very well in some states such as kano and plateau states and only fairly in others (Akinola, 2003). The National Fadama Development Project (NFDP), phase II was jointly sponsored by the World Bank and the African Development Bank (ADB). The purpose
of this phase was to increase the income of fadama users, namely farmers, pastoralists, fishers, hunters and others. The project was implemented over six years in 18 states. Fadama II recorded considerable success, although not without her challenges and shortcomings. According to International Food Policy Research Institute (2007), the project had limited impact on income among the poorer households because the poor were unable to pay their beneficiaries’ contribution for
productive assets. This was because fadama II did not involve credit service providers who could help beneficiaries pay their contribution by providing loans to the poor.
Fadama III project is a follow up to the successful Fadama II project and
became loan disbursement effective on March, 2009 (Kogi ADP-SFCO, 2009) in Kogi State. The development objective of Fadama III Project which is sponsored by the International Development Association (IDA) was to sustainably increase the incomes of fadama users. By increasing their incomes, the Project would help reduce rural poverty, increase food security and would have invariably contributed to the achievement of a key Millennium Development Goals (MDG) (World Bank, 2008). The
Third National Fadama Development Project (Fadama III) aimed at sustainably increasing the income of Fadama resource users by directly delivering resources to the beneficiary rural communities, efficiently and effectively, and empowering them to collectively decide on how resources are allocated and managed for their livelihood activities and to participate in the design and execution of their subprojects.
Meanwhile Fadama III was equipped with measures to correct the shortcomings of Fadama II. New components such as fadama user equity fund, adaptive research support and mainstreaming of sustainable land management were incorporated into the project (Nkonya, et al (2010).