Factors influencing involvement of peri-urban farmers in mini-livestock farming in south-western Nigeria

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Factors influencing involvement of peri-urban farmers in mini-livestock farming in south-western Nigeria is a well-researched topic, it is to be used as a guide or framework for your Academic Research.

A B S T R A C T

The study focused on factors influencing the involvement of peri-
urban farmers in mini-livestock farming in South-Western Nigeria.
Specifically, the peri-urban farmers’ socio-economic characteristics
were described, their level of involvement in rearing mini-livestock
were determined and constraint associated with mini-livestock
farming was examined. 182 respondents were interviewed through
the use of a structured interview schedule and Focus Group
Discussions (FGDs). Data analysis was carried out using frequency
counts, percentages, and factor analysis. The results of the study
showed that more males were involved in mini-livestock rearing than
females, while the mean age of a farmer was 46 years. Majorities
were literate and information sourced from fellow farmers was most
common and reliable source of information accessible by the
respondents, while there was low extension contact. Problems
confronting the respondents include inadequate credit facilities,
untimely supply of inputs, improper management skills, and low
extension contacts. Results of the factor analysis revealed eleven
factors which contributed to farmers’ involvement in mini-livestock
farming. These include community influence, farmland acquisition,
characteristics of mini-livestock, personality factor, and economic
status. Other factors were capacity building, household composition,

Introduction

Many small animals, such as rodents and giants snails, are threatened by extinction in Nigeria and African countries as a whole. Rearing these types of animals in captivities does not only help to protect and preserve them from going into extinction, but also serve as a source of protein and income for peri-urban farmers. The rearing of such small body size animal that requires moderate nutrition and management is referred to as Mini-livestock (micro-livestock) production (Akinnusi1998). Mini-livestock keeping according to Technical Centre for Agriculture and Rural Cooperation (CTA) 2008 can also be described as the farming of small wild indigenous species such as grass cutter Thryonomys swinderianus, Giant African snails (Achatina spp and Archachatina spp) and other rodents. Globally, wildlife has great potentials for meat production and serves as an important source of the highly desired animal protein to the people of Africa, both in urban areas and rural communities (Opara 2010). Rearing these types of livestock will help to improve conservation of these animals in the bush. It is a known fact that most mini-livestock are being reared in peri-urban areas of South-western parts of Nigeria as coping strategies in a situation where reliance on one economic activity is not sufficient to meet the needs of the people. Studies (CTA 2008; Akinola et al 2008; Yeboah and Adamu 1995; Adu 2002) have also shown that in some parts of Central and West Africa, consumers prefer meats of mini-livestock animals, popularly referred to as ‘bush meat’, and consider them a great delicacy compared with beef. Small-scale farming of certain breeds of rodent is now widely seen as an invaluable asset in the fight against malnutrition and poverty.

The Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria (FRIN), Ibadan, have the mandate to conduct research into all aspects of forestry, forest products utilization, wildlife, watershed management and agro-forestry. It also involved in the training of technical and sub- technical staff in the country to disseminate their research output to farmers (FRIN, 2005). The Agricultural Development Programmes (ADPs) of South-Western Nigeria, also has the mandate of disseminating new technologies received from research institutes (such as FRIN), claimed to have introduced and trained peri-urban farmers in mini-livestock keeping and their management practices. The above scenario notwithstanding, there has been low level of involvement in mini-livestock farming among peri-urban farmers (Ogunjimi, et al 2012 and Imran et al 2007). Based on the foregoing, this study sought to assess factors influencing involvement of peri-urban farmers in mini-livestock production in South-Western Nigeria. The main objective of the study was to assess factors influencing involvement of peri-urban farmers in mini-livestock production. The specific objectives were to: (i) describe personal and socio-economic characteristics of peri-urban farmers involved in mini-livestock
production (ii) Determine peri-urban farmers’ level of involvement in this mini-livestock (iii) Examine constraints associated with mini-livestock farming

Brand

YourPastQuestions Brand

Additional information

Type

Project Topic and Material

Category

Agricultural Economics

No of Chapters

5

Reference

Yes

Format

PDF

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