EFFECTS OF AN EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION ON STUDENTS’ KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS WORKING WITH OLDER ADULTS

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EFFECTS OF AN EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION ON STUDENTS’ KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS WORKING WITH OLDER ADULTS, is a well-researched topic, it is to be used as a guide or framework for your Research.

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

RATIONALE

Due to a rapidly increasing population of older adults, the need for additional workers in many areas including mental health, social work, and the medical field is growing. The United States is currently undergoing a “gerontological explosion,” which refers to the phenomenon of the population of individuals aged 65 and older growing at an unprecedented rate (Crowther, Scogin, Wayde, & Austin, 2012). When one considers rural America in particular, these rates of growth are occurring even more rapidly when compared to more suburban or urban areas (Stewart, Jameson, & Curtin, 2015). One reason for this population growth is longer life spans, which can be attributed to many factors including: lifestyle improvements, better quality health care, increased access to health care, and technological innovations in health care practices. Also contributing to this population growth is the fact that the baby boomer generation is moving into older adulthood (Barnett & Quenzel, 2017). These shifting demographics mean that older adults will become larger consumers in the general economy as well as in various specialized services areas such as in the medical sector, mental health field, and other service professions. The aging of the United States will have far reaching implications for virtually every aspect of our culture. These changes will have the weightiest effects on our nation’s public health, social services, and health care systems (Centers for Disease Control, 2013).

While this need continues to increase, there is a shortage of individuals who want to work with older adults. In the health care field specifically, research indicates there is not an adequate number of individuals who want to work with older adults in specialties such as physicians, social work, nurses, psychologists, and psychiatrists (Lee, Volans, & Gregory, 2003). Multiple factors contribute to this disinterest in working with older adults including: lack of specialized education and training, poor compensation, and negative personal perceptions of older adults (Barnett & Quenzel, 2017; Lee et al., 2003).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2
LIST OF TABLES

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

……………………………………………………………………………………… 6
Rationale…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 6
Purpose …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10
Significance ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 10
Definition of Terms ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 11
CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW ………………………………………………………………………….. 13
Ageism …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 15
Terror Management Theory (TMT) ……………………………………………………………………………… 16
The Role of Openness ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 18
The Role of Knowledge and Attitudes ………………………………………………………………………….. 20
Empathy …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 23
Current Study ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 24
Hypotheses…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 24
CHAPTER 3: METHODS ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 26
Participants ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 26
Materials …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 27
Measures…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 27
Procedure ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 30
CHAPTER 4: RESULTS ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. 31
CHAPTER 5: DISCUSSION ………………………………………………………………………………………….. 37
Changes in Willingness Scores ……………………………………………………………………………………. 37
Clinical Implications ………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 42
Ageism …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 43
Openness ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 46
Limitations ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 49
Future Research …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 51
REFERENCES …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 54

APPENDICES

APPENDIX A: EDUCATION SESSION CONTENT…………………………………………….. 60
APPENDIX B: FACTS ON AGING QUIZ REVISED …………………………………………… 64
APPENDIX C: AMBIVALENT AGEISM SCALE………………………………………………… 67
APPENDIX D: FIVE FACTOR MODEL RATING FORM (FFMRF) – OPENNESS VERSUS CLOSEDNESS TO ONE’S OWN EXPERIENCE SCALE ………………………. 68
APPENDIX E: WILLINGNESS SCALE ………………………………………………………………. 69
APPENDIX F: DEMOGRAPHICS QUESTIONNAIRE …………………………………………. 72
APPENDIX G: RURALITY QUESTION……………………………………………………………… 75

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Additional information

Author

Johnna L. Kelley

Year

2020

No of Chapters

5

No of Pages

79

Format

PDF

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