Differences in Knowledge of Climate Change between Male and Female Livestock Farmers


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Differences in Knowledge of Climate Change between Male and Female Livestock Farmers is a well-researched topic, it can be used as a guide or framework for your Academic Research


This study identified gender differences in knowledge of climate change
among livestock farmers in Nsukka agricultural zone, Enugu State. Data were collected using a multistage sampling technique to select 80 livestock farmers. Percentage, mean statistics and standard deviation were used in the presentation of the results. Hypothesis for the study was analysed using t-test. The results showed that the mean age of respondents was 49 years and 31.2 percent of farmers had secondary school education. Both male (50 percent) and female (55 percent) respondents had medium knowledge on climate change as it relates to livestock production. The major information sourced by male and female respondents was on where to sell their livestock (97.1% and 100.0%). There was no significant difference between men (M = 13.92; t =
0.971) and women’s (M = 13.20; t = 0.971) knowledge on climate change with respect to livestock production. Campaigns should be intensified to sustain and improve existing knowledge on climate change among male and female livestock producers in the study area.


Agriculture, primarily small scale, is one of the most important sectors of the Nigerian economy. Agriculture accounts for about 24.18% of Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 70% of informal sector jobs created in the economy are related to rural agriculture (Enejeta, 2016). Livestock accounts for one third of The Nigeria’s agricultural GDP (Nwagwu & Soremi, 2015), providing income, employment, food, farm energy, manure, fuel and transport. They are also a major source of government revenue. Livestock especially ruminants, are the most efficient users of
uncultivated land and can contribute substantially to crop production. This implies that agriculture is a key sector that stands to affect then majority of Nigerians positively (Okolo, 2004).

Climate change is a major threat to agricultural production especially livestock (Anyadike, 2009), mainly arising from its impact on grassland and productivity. Heat stress suffered by animals will reduce the rate of animal feed intake and result in poor growth performance (Rowlinson, 2008). Lack of water and increase frequency of drought in certain countries will lead to loss of resources. Consequently, as exemplified by many African countries, existing food insecurity and conflict over
scarce of resources will be exacerbated (Calvosa, 2009).

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Project Topic and Material


Agricultural Extension

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