Consumers’ Preferences and Phytochemical Properties of Selected Chewing Sticks in Southwest Nigeria


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Consumers’ Preferences and Phytochemical Properties of Selected Chewing Sticks in Southwest Nigeria is a well-researched topic, it is to be used as a guide or framework for your Academic Research


The paper examines the reasons for Consumer’ preferences for chewing sticks and evaluated the photochemical properties of some chewing stick materials in the study area. The result shows that some of the samples-Vernonia amygdalina Del., Distemonanthus benthamianus Baillon, Anogeissus leiocarpa (DC.)Guill. & Perr., Terminalia
schimperiana Hochst, Garcinia kola Heckel, Massularia acuminata (G.Don) Bullock &Hoyle, Pseudocerela kotschyi (Schweinf.) Harms, Altonia Boonie can exhibit anti-microbial activities as a result of their phytochemical constituents. The perennial reason for the preference of chewing sticks in the study area is its medicinal/therapeutic value. The
major factors considered by users in their choice of chewing stick materials in their order of importance are: cleaning action (32.9%), therapeutic value (29.1%), tooth breath/freshness (15.5%), taste/flavor (12.8%), availability of the species (7.8%), educational level (1.2%) and cultural background (0.8%). The study conclude that the perceived cleaning action and the therapeutic value of chewing stick materials are the principal consideration in the choice of materials to use as chewing stick in the study area and recommends a comprehensive ethnobotanical survey of chewing stick plants with medicinal potentials and validation of their constituents.


Chewing stick is a type of plant material
which is widely used for dental care throughout
West African region; it is usually made from the
roots, twigs, or stems of a plant (National Institute
of Industrial Research (NIIR, 2008). In Nigeria,
as in other developing countries, a very
significant proportion of orofacial diseases are
due to microbial infections (Adekeye and Prabhu,
1992; Ndukwe et al., 2002). Antibiotic agents are
widely prescribed in dental practice in these
regions for the treatment of microbial-related
orofacial infection diseases (Okeke, 1996). One
of the outcomes of improper use of these
antibiotics is the development of resistant strains
of microorganisms which is now recognized as
an important challenge in clinical practice (Levy,
1997) and there is, therefore, the need to look for
non-conventional substances with proven
antimicrobial activity which can be used in the
treatment of microbial infection including those
that are encountered in dental practice.
Santhananthan, et al. (1996) reported that
Africans that use chewing sticks have fewer
carious lesions than those that use toothbrushes
and their use has been encouraged by the World
Health Organization (Almas and Al-Lafi, 1995).
Chewing sticks can be used by the vast
majority of people who cannot afford to buy the
commercial Western toothbrush and toothpaste
(Kassu, 1999).

In view of the global challenges of oral
health burdens and the unaffordable costs of oral
health care services; there is the need for a
research into the alternative sources of
maintenance and remedies like chewing sticks
use especially in developing economies like
Nigeria. It must also be stressed that the
development of a good herbal toothpaste is
consequent on the bioactivity of the constituents
of chewing sticks against a wide range of oral
pathogens; hence, the need for research like this
to investigate the phytochemical properties of
extracts from selected chewing sticks in Nigeria
to combat the dental pathogens on one hand and
to boost the economy of the country through the
development of a Small and Mediun Enterprises
in herbal toothpaste.


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Agricultural Science Education

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