Constraints of Pig Production in Nigeria


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Constraints of Pig Production in Nigeria is a well-researched topic, it can be used as a guide or framework for your Academic Research


The study examined constraints of pig production in Edo Central Agricultural Zone of Edo State. Data were collected through interview schedule administered to forty one (41) private pig farmers in the study area. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression were used to analyse data for the study. Results showed that majority (85.4%) of the pig producers were male. The stock kept ranged between 1 and 50 pigs for small scale producers who formed 58.4% of surveyed farms, 51-100
pigs for medium scale producers (15%) and above 100 pigs for large scale producers (26.6%). Major obstacles identified among pig producers in the study area were difficulties in securing institutional loans (61.0%), high cost of feed and feed ingredients (46.3%). Flock size (t = 3.313; p =
0.002) had a significant effect on returns accruing to farmers in pig production. Institutional loan scheme to promote pig production should be established and properly managed by government and stakeholders in the livestock industry in Edo State.


Livestock contribute 40 percent of the global
value of agricultural output and support the
livelihoods and food security of almost a billion
people. The livestock sector is one of the fastest
growing parts of the agricultural economy, driven
by income growth and supported by
technological and structural change. The growth
and transformation of the sector offer
opportunities for agricultural development,
poverty reduction and food security gains [1].
The pig industry in Nigeria is an important arm of
the livestock sub-sector in the overall agricultural
sector. Porcine production among other species
has a high potential to contribute to high
economic gains [2]. The swine has some unique
advantages over all other animals, which make
them a good species of animals to multiply
extensively to combat protein shortages [3].
Among these advantages are their fast growth
rate which is only slightly exceeded by the best,
carefully managed broilers, their prolificacy which
is unsurpassed by that of any other animals’
species except the birds. Also, pigs are very
efficient in feed utilization which brings better
returns per unit of inputs than most other
animals, the quality of their meat is tender and
more nutritive in protein and the B-vitamins than
those of other animals [3].
Pig production in Nigeria has not yet developed
like ruminants and poultry production [4]. A study
by [5] reveals that the neglect or slow growth of
the swine industry can be attributed to
acceptability and management problems. The
management problems include problem of
disease outbreak, feed efficiency and high cost
of feedstuffs, which stems from lack of swine
production knowledge [6], skill and often, the
Nigerian stockman is ignorant of new techniques.
The complications from these are, low ratios of
stock keeping to humans, poor animal
productivity, limited supplies and low intake of
animal protein and thus malnutrition. Further, [7] identified some of the major constraints to
piggery entrepreneurs output to include
education level of the operators, total cost of
production and access to research and extension
services. The trend of some entrepreneurs
leaving the business as result of one or more of
the aforementioned problems highlighted cannot
be ignored.
In light of the aforementioned, this study was
undertaken with the aim to examine constraints
of pig production in Edo Central Agricultural Zone
of Edo State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study
sought to:
a. Describe respondents’ socioeconomic
characteristics; and
b. Examine the constraints faced by pig
The hypothesis for the study was there is no
significant effect of socioeconomic variables on
the monetary returns to farmers in pig production


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Agricultural Extension

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