Assessment of the Training Needs of Wood Processors


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The study investigated the training needs of wood processors with a view to determining the socio-economic characteristics of the processors, identify areas of training needs, and determine variables that influenced their training needs.

Primary data were collected from six Local Government Areas (LGAs) purposively due to the availability of sawmill industries. Two communities were randomly selected from each LGA. Ten wood processors were randomly selected from each community. A total of 120 wood processors were interviewed for the study. The results show that the mean age of the processors was 31 years and 45% of them were female while 64% were married with a household size of 8 members. About 86% of the processors had formal education up to at least secondary school and 92% belong to the Timber Contractor association. The mean years of working experience were 9. Training needs of these processors include the felling of matured trees, transportation of logs during the day time, Hammering, safety measures, environmental protection, and profitable sawn among others. Age (b = .353; p < .001), Membership of Timber association (b = .163; p < .05) and experience on the job (b = -.347; p < .003) were found significant to influence the training need of wood processors. In conclusion, there is a need for agricultural extension administrators to continuously organize training for wood processors in order to enhance their safety, economic income, and protect their environment.


Nigeria is blessed with forest, savanna, as well as derived
savanna vegetations. Savanna vegetations have few
commercial timber species. Wood species commonly found
in the savanna are useful for poles and fuel. Forests cover
about 14 million hectares; this is about 16% of Nigeria’s total
land area. The bulk of Nigeria’s 7.95 million hectares forest
reserve land is situated in the savanna zone[1]. This is
planned to check the desertification of Nigeria’s land. The forest
provides the raw materials for both primary and secondary
industries while generating employment for a number of
people. Forest is the science and practice of managing forests
and woodlands. Objectives of forestry include timber
production, amenity, recreation, conservation, and creation of
shelter for animals and crops.

Wood is characteristically a highly variable material
exhibiting variation in physical, anatomical, mechanical, and
chemical properties. Wood processing is described as a form changing activity carried out with the use of sawmills in
order to get the required sizes of wood needed for particular
construction work. A large portion of the population now
engages in wood processing either for exportation or local
construction works. This helps to solve the problem of
redundancy and unemployment in the country, both in the
rural and urban areas. The wood-based industries have
played an important role in the development of some rural
areas where the woods are gotten. This includes the
construction of the roads leading to the forest and it has
helped in increasing the standard of living of the people by
providing them with job opportunities. The forest enterprises
in Nigeria can be classified into either formal or informal.
The formal enterprises include organized wood-based
and furniture factories. The informal enterprises are the
small forest-based enterprises that engage in the production
of firewood, charcoal, chewing stick and sculpture wood
items. However, the increasing number of people involved in
wood processing has brought about deforestation and this is
posing a serious threat to our natural environments. All the
efforts of the government to campaign for afforestation have
proved abortive due to the non-challant attitude of the people
towards the practice


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Project Topic and Material


Agricultural Economics

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