An Investigation of Three Strategies to Enhance Generalization of Conversational Skills

0

Add to Wishlist
Add to Wishlist

Description

An Investigation of Three Strategies to Enhance Generalization of
Conversational Skills, Is A Well-Researched Topic, It Is To Be Used As A Guide Or Framework For Your Research.

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to investigate
the effects of three strategies to enhance generalization
of taught conversational skills: (1) multiple and varied
scenarios, (2) multiple conversational partners, and (3)
homework assignments. A multiple baseline across behaviors
design tested whether the initial training package produced
generalization to the probe sessions and whether the
addition of homework would produce greater generalization
to the probe sessions compared to that observed during the
initial training. Four adults, one male and three female,
ranging in age from 20-64 years served as subjects. Skills
were taught using a combination of coaching, modeling,
behavioral rehearsal, feedback, and social praise. The
hypothesis that the use of multiple conversational partners
and multiple/varied scenarios during roleplaying would
enhance generalization was not consistently supported. The
addition of homework assignments plus maintenance training
did not consistently increase generalization either.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS …………………………………. ii
LIST OF TABLES ………………………………….. V
LIST OF FIGURES ……………………………….. vi
CHAPTER
I. INTRODUCTION …………………………… 1
II. METHOD ………….. ……………………. 9
Subjects ……………………………. 9
Setting…………………………….. 10
Apparatus/Materials …………………. 11
Social Validation ……………………. 13
Procedure ………………………… 13
Rating the Social Validation Group …. 13
Identifying the Critical Skills and
Performance Criteria ……………… 14
Dependent Variables …………………. 16
Response Definitions ……………… 16
Performance Criteria ……………… 17
Selection and Training of Observers ….. 17
Observation/Scoring Procedures ……….. 18
Experimental Design …………………. 18
Procedure …………………………… 18
Generalization Probes …………….. 18
Baseline …………………………. 20

Training …………………………. 21
Homework With Maintenance Training …. 23
Follow-up Sessions…………. ……. 24
Interobserver Agreement …………… 24
III. RESULTS ………………………………… 26
Reliability Data ……………………. 26
Subject Data ……………………….. 26
Baseline and Training Data ……….. 32
Homework With Maintenance Training … 33
Follow-up Phase …………………. 34
IV. DISCUSSION …………………………….. 36
APPENDICES
A. Informed Consent for Participation in an Investigation ……………………………. 43
B. Peer Rating of Videotape …………………… 46
C. Definitions of Dependent Variables …………. 50
D. Data Sheet ………………………………. 53
E. Role Playing Instructions ………………… 55
F. Definitions of Training Strategies …………. 57
G. Examples of the Written Homework Log ………… 59
H. Approval Letter From the Human Subjects
Institutional Review Board ……………….. 61
BIBLIOGRAPHY ……………………………………. 63

Additional information

Author

Janice Ann Cain

No of Chapters

4

No of Pages

82

Reference

YES

Format

PDF

Reviews

There are no reviews yet.

Only logged in customers who have purchased this product may leave a review.