An Assessment of Solid Waste Management Practices in Abeokuta, Southwest, Nigeria is a well-researched topic, it can be used as a guide or framework for your Academic Research.
The rapid and constant growth of the urban population has led to a crucial socio-economic and environmental impact on solid waste management practices. This study focused on identifying waste management problems and evaluating the current performance of waste handlers in Abeokuta. A total of 430 structured questionnaires were administered. Putrescible were the highest (26.3%) in the waste stream. Of the respondents, 58.14% had no means of estimation of waste; 56.05% do not sort their waste; 41.86% do not have their wastes collected at all; 27.14% recycle their wastes; 47.44% dispose of the waste through burning; 45.6% pay for waste management services and 42.78% throw their wastes indiscriminately into the nearby bushes. It was recommended that the recycling of wastes should be formalized and publicized among residents; waste management planning should not be left entirely to the discretion of the local government. In addition, laws on waste management should be enforced and offenders duly punished.
Keywords: Solid Waste Management, Generation, Collection, Recycling, Disposal.
Solid Waste Management (SWM) practices include collection of generated wastes, waste separation or segregation, storage, transfer and transport, transformation, treatment, and disposal. The rapid and constant growth of the urban population has led to a dramatic increase in urban solid waste generation, with a crucial socio-economic and environmental impact.
Solid waste management (SWM) has been a big challenge to both developed and developing countries all over the world. Basically, municipalities are giving preferences only on the collection of the waste and dumping it, while the principle of 3R’s (waste reduction, reuse and recycle), are not prioritized by the municipalities for sustainable solid waste management. Increasing public awareness of the necessity of a clean environment for good health, at both local and national governments, is facing public pressure to the proper management of municipal waste (Karavezyris et al., 2002). This study is a result of an increase in solid waste generation and an inadequate organized system of waste handling for a major part of the city. It, therefore, focused on identifying waste management problems, evaluating the current performance of waste handlers (i.e. waste management workers at the State Ministry of Environment, private contractors and individual waste generators) in Abeokuta, and gave recommendations for an effective solid waste management practice. An understanding of what materials are in the waste stream will enable a better and informed waste management practice (Ministry for the Environment, 2007). Comparative analysis of municipal solid waste composition carried out by Ogwueleka 2003, Dauda and Osita, 2003 and Agunwamba et al 1998, showed that putrescible were the highest in comparison to plastics, paper, textile, metal, glass, and “others” (dust, ash, ceramics, rubber, soil, and bones). Therefore, a great majority of the total solid waste generated in Nigeria is organic. Solid waste generation in Abeokuta, Ogun state, was estimated to be 0.60kg/person/day (Adewumi et al., 2005). Some of the factors influencing solid waste generation in Nigeria and locally in Abeokuta include inadequate technology, facility for separation at source, the strength of solid waste management policy and enforcement, environmental education and awareness, and income status of individuals among others (Adeoye, 2003 and Abel, 2009). Waste collection is an important aspect of waste management. Over the years, various waste collection methods have been adopted in different parts of various countries. Lasisi (2007) identified six methods including house-to-house, communal depots, curbsides, block systems, commercial and industrial collection, and bulk loading. Babayemi and Dauda 2009, reported that in Abeokuta, the waste collection was initiated by both public and private sectors, although the effectiveness of this is largely a function of location; and where the collection is done by private sectors, it is a function of income of the owner of the waste to be able to pay the amount charged.